Understanding the global supply chain and the part different modes of transport play in the whole scenario is key to managing the logistics of the whole operation. We have already seen how containerization has completely transformed moving goods around the world. But securing goods in containers only works if all the elements in the transportation chain can handle containerization and can offload and unload them easily. An element of moving containers around the world is the intermodal chassis and these are imperative for moving goods across land.
The Container Chassis
When you wish to move containers across land then the intermodal chassis is key. Chassis are the bases that can connect to trains and trucks. And they are a standard uniformed size to fit all shipping containers around the world. And chassis is an integral method of moving containers from one mode of transportation to another. They allow containers to be fitted onto ships, trains and trucks and ensure loading and unloading is safe and secure. So, when changing transportation modes in the global transportation chain the logistics manager has to ensure that a container’s chassis is exactly where it is supposed to be. Without its chassis, it is impossible to move the container.
Engines pull railcars and their chassis, which can distribute goods overland long distances. Shipping goods by rail has one major advantage to using trucks and that is speed. Trains can cover long distances far faster than trucks that are forced to use congested roads. They are also far better for the environment and usually a cheaper way of transporting freight from A to B. The last main advantage of rail to road is that heavy or unusually sized goods can be far easier transported by rail than road. Freight railroads are a key element to the global supply chain, and in America alone nearly fifteen million containers were transported by rail in 2018.
There are specialized air cargo transportation companies that can move goods long distances fast and safe. The cargo aircraft are specially designed for transporting freight and have Unit Load Devices that enables the goods to be moved by road easily from one airport to another.Air transportation is usually only used for critical goods, and it is normally a back-up to most transport logistical networks when things have gone wrong. It is without doubt the fastest way of transporting goods from one place to another, but it is also the most expensive. It is used when time is of the essence and is the overriding factor of the transportation of the goods. But transporting goods by air is only as good as the road connections that are integrated into the network. Airports are not generally situated in cities therefore the goods still have part of their journeys to go.
The global supply chain is highly complicated, every facet of the transportation network only works if the other parts do. In other words, the coordination of the different modes of transportation is key for the logistics manager.